It has often been the topic of argument whether men are smarter than women or vice versa. In other aspects like the household and corporate setting, men tend to be favoured by society as compared to women. Women are believed to just stay at home and take care of the kids while the husband earns money for the family. In the workplace, men tend to get double the salary for what women get. Similarly with the ongoing issue of who has higher IQ, men are regarded as tough and superior over women.
For so many years, men normally obtain high score in IQ tests as compared to women. But, times have changed as men and women currently play equally significant roles in the society. In the same way that recent studies revealed how men lagged behind IQ scores when compared to women. Quoting from James Flynn who published the study “In the last 100 years the IQ scores of men and women have risen, but women’s have risen faster”.
According to a professor at Cambridge University, women always knew deep within themselves that they are more intelligent. However, to avoid further discourse, women let men continue to believe that they have higher intelligence.
Flynn, in his presentation of research used Raven’s Progressive Matrices as a measure of intelligence for several participants of 5 states namely, Australia, New Zealand, White South Africa, Estonia, and Argentina. He found out that in 4 out of 5 states, majority of female participants scored slightly higher than male participants. The revelation made in this research, falsify the belief that men are more intelligent than women. There could be other factors involved in the study like modernisation and women getting more interested about learning. However, the IQ results cannot be simply ignored for breaking what has been long claimed that men are superior over women.
Consequently, in a study conducted by Miguel Burgaleta (et. al) from Universidad Autónoma de Madrid in Spain, they proposed that general intelligence differ between men and women due to the following reasons: 1) men have larger brains than women and 2) brain volume correlates with intelligence. The researchers further defined general intelligence as related to several factors of the human brain like neural density, functional efficiency and integrity of brain connections. However, results from the intelligence tests and MRIs revealed that males having larger brains than females are to no advantage in terms of general intelligence. The difference lies on ability of the two groups to manipulate tasks that require mental processing. Therefore, men and women greatly differ in visual-spatial skills but not general intelligence.
Obviously, these two propositions open up new opportunities for discussion and call for research. It might take a long while before the ongoing war between IQ scores of men and women be put to an end. Nevertheless, the same issue converges the two groups in their quest to discover what lies further aside from the brain size and IQ scores. The ultimate question “Who is smarter, men or women?” should be finally answered.